The intent of this blog is to promote human equality, human progress, human peace and justice, and optimism. To accomplish this, to encourage the discussion of ideas after identifying and discovering problems, and then creating positive solutions for "we the people," in order to provide for the "general welfare" and "domestic tranquility" of America now and its "posterity" into the future. To encourage an emphasis on separation of religion and state for all, no matter if this is for those "of faith" in a Maker / Creator (Deists, God-loving people, Christians, various people of spirituality) and atheists or agnostics.

Archive for the ‘Information Industry’ Category

Local Binghamton CBS affiliate, channel 12

Dear Sirs or Madams (of CBS Sixty Minutes):

We regularly watch Sixty Minutes and appreciate having this news AND information source available to us. We despise Fox News with its lies. the National Association of Broadcasters needs to put Fox out of business. 

We have a bumper sticker which reads: “We get our NEWS from Comedy Central and our entertainment from Fox News.”  That about describes what we have to the nth degree in America today, due to the Republican destruction of the Fairness Doctrine which was put in place in the 1940s to guard against Nazi propaganda which had destroyed Germany.  In the 1940s, everyone was in agreement, so this was a bipartisan decision.

For some 20 years or more, I have written to publications and the media. I have used local newspapers and local television outlets, as well as networks. I write to Sixty Minutes, especially when I hear the recently repeated story about robots (Anderson Cooper?).  I write about many other news reports. With the demise of local news, by hedgefund lovers of money (also a recent story on Sixty Minutes), I have watched as my writings have not been published.  At first, I was puzzled. As time has gone by and with the wisdom of age, I have discovered the reasons.  Both your Sixty Minutes report and an article in The Economist and other publications have unraveled the mystery and puzzle to me.  When one relies only on intuition and observation of actual events at a Florida newspaper and elsewhere, it is good to find out that what I have been writing about what I KNOW has been correct, it is sad that no one pays attention to me anymore.  At one time, before the older great journalists retired – the people of good will running local newspaper – I was accepted. Now I feel as if I am on the outside looking in when most of what I have written has been correct.

Wat I am finding is that my distribution to a local Binghamton Fox affiliate has been read by such people at Fox. What do they do? Just as Trump does. Put a spin on what I say that is in line with their lies and re-distribute.  There is no teamwork among people of good will in the media business and that is a crying shame.  So, I have removed the Fox affiliate from my distribution.  I have removed Sean Hanity from my distribution list. 

With this being said, what about the other three Binghamton television network affiliates? NBC and ABC affiliates in Binghamton are run by one owner. The local news comes from one outlet: Newschannel 34, the ABC affiliate.  The PBS affiliate has no local news, only the PBS Newshour and other PBS network news analysis. 

This situation leaves the local CBS affiliate, WBNG, channel 12.  The local news is not always “local, but taken from “wire” stories on CNN and other news places. CBS Channel 12 had the best local news source in this area, back in the years when I was growing up.  Today, I would have to say this Grey Company local affiliate is not THE BEST, but it sure is better than Fox 40. 

What bothers me about local channel 12 is the fact it no longer accepts email. This is the device I have used to distribute what I write.  Why does channel 12 do this? Why does a news AND INFORMATION channel not read what I write any more? What the hell is going on? Here we are and I can say my likes and dislikes are pretty much on the same page as channel 12. But none of my writing is accepted there.  Don’t get me wrong. There is never 100% agreement with any humans or human organizations. But my judgment is that, unlike Fox, they don’t lie. They are not liars, liars pants on fire.

Yesterday, I was in an area in which a local Solid Gold radio broadcast (Equinox) was difficult to receive as we have a country music station interfering. So, in the car, we turned to another local radio station with music more acceptable to us, though it was NOT solid gold.  In this area, there are pockets where hills block one signal and from some valley comes another. Back in the days of my youth, with mostly AM broadcasts, that never happened here. Even when FM was introduced, it never happened. We received ALL Binghamton stations plus other smaller city stations. Today, we senior citizens are being relegated to purchasing, on a lower revenue stream in our family budget, Sirius XM. At one time, it was all FREE, FREE, FREE – supported by local advertisers.  But yesterday, in the car, when listening to this other station because we were FORCED to do so by rules emanating from the FCC which is controlled by big business when it should be a third party representing the DEMAND SIDE of the market or WE THE PEOPLE.  It is represented by those on the SUPPLY SIDE of the market. Period.  Money is used to validate this. BS on that because free broadcast once DID make money and could still make money, just not feed the already filled to the brim pockets of those with hedgefund investments like the guy Sixty Minutes reported on who now owns a multitude of newspapers and can buy a mansion in Miami when most of us have had to leave Florida because we cannot afford the housing there (along with factors of heat, humidity, and hurricanes with outrageous costs to put money into an insurance hole for hurricanes and never see it again).  But on this radio station we were FORCED to turn to, as a Cuban citizen might be forced when Castro put a block on many broadcasts from Miami, we listened to the news. At the end, we discovered we were FORCED to listen to Fox News. Fox News ended the broadcast with “all America loves Fox News.” Another lie because all America DOES NOT love Fox News. They say it to inspire groupthink from peer pressure and get Republicans elected. I call the Republicans “republicunts” and “repugnicans” because, due to Fox News, the Republicans have become perverted and are NOT like the Republicans I knew one time, associated with, and was a registered Republican. BTW. How much media is covering those of us who have found that “republicunts” and “repugnicans” have forced us to leave the party? Instead I hear crap about Democrats. 

Interestingly enough, the story on Fox News which we heard and which surprised us, was a condemnation of Joe Biden. It was absurd as this news report did not just report the news, as was the function under the Fairness Doctrine, but made a comment about how bad Biden was because he stood up to Big Oil.  In other words, he stood up to the Koch brothers, Texas slick oil men, and others.  Fox News did not say that, did they? They wish to force the Keystone Oil Pipeline and only do that by drawing a false picture of alternative fuels. Had we been more in line with alternative fuels, due to Fox News, we would not be stuck today with the a dilemma which mirrors the results of the 1973 oil embargo.  It was republicunts which put the axe on alternative fuels – for the sake of BIG OIL

This harks back to a Sixty Minutes report many years ago about the development of green technology and alternative fuels with the help of government “incubator” money for business in America.  The report was a great one in which we the people learned that America, perhaps being blocked by BIG OIL back in those days(?), did not have investors to buy up those companies because it required deep pocket-ed investors for the long term development of such alternatives.  Your report told about investors from China who were purchasing these “startups.”  And to Fox News people, they blame government dollars being thrown to China, while they never report on how much Big Oil was sabotaging Americans who may have wanted to invest, so as to hold the control in thic country. It is the basis for attacks against Democrats, while, as is always the case (and with gun safety and domestic terrorism), it is the Fox followers and their sabotage which are the root cause – with their evil love of money. 

With all of this explanation, I return to the issue of local news CBS affiliate, channel 12. Back in the days when television was first begun, I recall channel 12 being both CBS and ABC. The local NBC affiliate is now Fox40 and a new NBC affiliate was formed after that change happened.  Channel 12 was the only VHF affiliate at that time. It still really is the only “digital” VHF, except perhaps the local NBC affiliate run by ABC affiliate channel 34. Thus, in those early years, few people actually invested in a UHF antenna. I know my dad did not. It was stupid of the FCC to do that, especially when we compare to the city of Scranton where ALL the local affiliates have been UHF and VHF has not existed there. If there were smart people on the FCC back then, they would have handed all the VHF to bigger cities such as Syracuse, Rochester, and so forth. With the VHF affiliate in Binghamton and no one investing in UHF antennas, but purchasing huge VHF antennas to receive channel 12 of Binghamton and the Syracuse VHF stations, that station in Binghamton left the other network broadcasts in the dark as underdogs to channel 12. The news reporting on channels 40 and 34, quite frankly my dear, SUCKED.

When channel 12 was both CBS and ABC, we got to see, in the late 1950s when I was at pre-K age, Mickey Mouse Club. It was broadcast on ABC, so channel 12 picked it up.  (Ironic that ABC is now owned by Disney and the “mouse”).  Thus, my favoritism of CBS channel 12, which went to CBS only at the time channel 34 was created (WBJA) as an ABC affiliate (see the story about the history of channel 34: https://tvstations.fandom.com/wiki/WIVT ). 

Thus, with the sabotage of my stories conducted by Fox and the fact that a better news station (CBS 12 of Binghamton) rejects email, I have to protest this situation because good people are not coming together to solve this problem in America. This is not polarization. It is the news and information being taken over by one network when we have four networks. Fox operates in the same way as the communist party or Nazi party control of broadcasting in a dictatorship. 

I repeat. That is NOT polarization so bleeding heart liberals need to stop being so damn diplomatic about it all and calling it polarization.  I despised the Capitol 4th concert this past week (on PBS) because, once again, it tries to be nice and talk about a divided America. It is NOT divided. It is a nation with the stage being set for dictatorial control just like that of Hitler and Goebbels. We need to stop pussyfooting around with all this BS for bleeding heart diplomacy – as if that is going to fix the problem.  Given the evidence in history in other nations, THIS BLEEDING HEART DIPLOMACY WILL NOT FIX THE PROBLEM OF THIS NATION HEADING TOWARDS A DICTATORSHIP. IT WILL NOT. I have been correct in EVERYTHING I HAVE SAID AND WRITTEN SINCE THE ELECTION OF RONALD REAGAN IN 1980, so TO BE IGNORED NOW IS REALLY ASININE.  To not be able to write to the local CBS affiliate is asinine, too.  You people need to collect the information, not be concerned about how nice Fox or republicunts or repugnicans are treated.  Stop the BS of bleeding hearts.  Stop scoffing at people like me and ignoring what we are saying. 

PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE. People of America consider what German Niemoller said: 

“First they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out—because I was not a socialist.

Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out— because I was not a trade unionist.

Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out—because I was not a Jew.

Then they came for me—and there was no one left to speak for me.’

This quote was one of many which inspired the creation of the Fairness Doctrine in late 1940s USA.  Cowards are the ones who realize I am correct and use what I write to the detriment of people of good will among the Democrats AND true Republicans (i.e., the Lincoln Project).  It is about time journalism and media reared its head loud and strong against such actions. 

Why does local CBS affiliate channel 12 NOT accept email? What the hell is this in forcing us to do? All to go to ONE monopolized platform called Facebook? Or forcing us to go to social media only?  Forcing us to listen to the lies of Fox and other outlets of hatred?  Listen to the DEMAND SIDE of a capitalist market which SHOULD exist with balance between supply and demand. I speak about such balance and keep in mind this is just as the checks and balances are SUPPOSED to exist in our government between executive, legislative, and judicial, but has been SABOTAGED by people like Trump, Giuliani, McConnell, Thomas, Kavanaugh, Barrett, Kevin McCarthy, Marjorie Taylor Greene, Gaetz, and many other sodomites who enjoy rape of women, but not homosexuality. 

For the DEMAND SIDE, I am speaking. Now pay attention to many of us who want checks and balances in government and economics, not a dictatorship of the SUPPLY-SIDERS.

Spectrum: Is there Good ROI?

Capitalism is truly about return on investment, supply AND DEMAND, and balance in economics. It is being sold by the wealthy autocrats as being supply side economics which favors the wealthy monopoly over the demand side. It results in lousy return on investment, or ROI.

I am not able to express my criticism and complaints for the purpose of fixing the problems because of one lousy thing which Spectrum and most American businesses have today: automated answering systems. Speaking to computers rather than human beings.  But we know that computers have more rights than humans do, so silly me.  Silly me for having such high expectations of American business, just because I lived at a time when there WAS good service from American business so I could say we had good ROI from American business, as a consumer on the demand side of the market. Thus, it is difficult to call and easier to write a diatribe to Spectrum News.

Now that I have gotten that off my chest, why am I writing about ROI with respect to Spectrum? Here is the reason.

With Spectrum streaming services, it is the only way to receive local broadcast channels here in this rural area. So we have Spectrum streaming. I would prefer to have an antenna on my house in order to pick up the local channels and I can dumb Spectrum streaming. But try to get services in this area to install it. They are also rotten examples of business in America because they either don’t exist or they don’t want to touch local broadcast channels.  And it is difficult for me to work with the lousy digital broadcasting today with signals weakened by the FCC so we can have lousy mobile phone service instead.  All in the name of PROGRESS?  Is this PROGRESS or just a “trend” created by the fat pigs (in the late 1800s, the newspapers called them “fat cats”). 

With this being said, would one not expect better services from streaming than one would receive with FREE broadcasts from the air? Would one not have an expectation for watching ON DEMAND, rather than LIVE REAL TIME when there are times in the early morning when there is little to choose for programs, as Food Network and many others do nothing but stupid infomercials?  Is this expecting too much to be able to view ON DEMAND of programs from the past hours or future hours? I have tried it. Not available. Shall I explain how much I spend on Spectrum and Spectrum streaming? Without explaining how much, just believe me that the CAPITALIST ROI ROTS.  It is lousy.

On top of this, how many times have I viewed local broadcast channels on Spectrum streaming and found the video and audio synchronization to be way off? Need I tell people how many times this has happened? Typically, I can synch the video and audio by re-loading the pages. Not this morning. Nope.

So who am I going to call? Ghost busters?  My frustration over lousy American business practices today leads me to writing this note to Spectrum News and copying others on what I write. What choice do I have? Fill out a survey as to whether or not the people at Spectrum are doing a good job? Why is there never an option for feedback to the CEO, CFO, executives, or the board which runs Spectrum? Why is there never a feedback on how well the corporation is doing. Only to fill out a feedback about the LABOUR, so as to fire one of them if they are not doing a good job.  As a lifetime member of unions, I find this all a disgusting situation and want to speak out and tell people about it. Spectrum: you (as the stupidity of the SCOTUS Citizens United puts corporations as human individuals) suck.  And Spectrum is not the only “individual” or corporate entity which sucks.  There are some good ones out there, but many of them are not trying to buck this trend for being lousy freaking entities on the side of supply side economics, ignoring the demand side of economics so as to line the pockets of the wealthy CEOs which have salaries and bonuses increased astronomically from the Reagan era, by more than 1000%, while labour has languished and the Middle Class has been ruined.  The Middle Class is the best means of supporting democracy, too, so one can see what is happening with a strategy for supply side economics in order to destroy balance not only in economics, but balance in government democracy. 

My frustrations might emanate from me. But I don’t speak only for myself, but for many Middle Class people from a class of people which is being destroyed.  Too many people, including lawyers who think they are doing a good job for America by taking on big insurance but don’t work for the overall picture and consideration which I address.  It does take a village of those who want supply AND demand, wish to preserve our democracy by means of a Middle Class, and to bring peace AND justice for all to America.  ROI? Who gives a damn about ROI these days, right? ROI is another practical part of capitalism. You wish to hear more about what I think about ROI? I am willing to explain, but not now.

There is lousy ROI with Spectrum and Spectrum streaming. When we had “cable” television regulated by local authorities, we had a better ROI than what we get from Spectrum today.  Since the FCC has regulated this business, like a central Politburo in Putin’s world, the commissioners there have lined their pockets, too, from the big corporate conglomerates of the supply side Reaganomics.  That is called corruption and it is corruption at the highest levels, due to supply side Reaganomics. What if we, once again, had a good ROI and not just in the industry in which Spectrum is involved?

Food Network & a Polarized Shallow Society with Predominance of Competition, Violence, Guns, Rather than Information and Knowledge

Food Network has ruined its morning schedule on Thursdays and Fridays beginning at 8 AM. It’s bad enough they have all the damn infomercials before 8 AM, unlike HGTV which sometimes begins earlier. On Thursday and Friday mornings, Food Network has pre-empted informative programs with competitive s**t of programs, such as Chopped, Worst Cooks. Let the prime time audience see those shows because there are few other choices at that time of the morning. Thanks for continuing with informative programs the early mornings of the other days of the week. How about if Food Network adds to its all-white people programs some informative cooking shows from CLEO and other non-white-people programs? I must say, though, that Molly Yeh with Jewish and Chinese features is great. Delicious Miss Brown (an African-American) on Tuesdays is great. But what about soul foods and other cooking shows? But overall, informative and not competitive “cutthroat” s**t needs to be the word of the day.

Spectrum Streaming buries Create TV deep in the schedule, rather than as part of the local television lineup and the Customer Service validates this with an emphasis on technological handle this to our advantage – a complicated process with “favorites.” This process is not easy to discover and learn. For things like this, with the regular print media and times when we had a stronger local business and news.  Gannett newspaper in this area, a monopoly in the Southern Tier, has eliminated local columnists and local news and reporting.  The newspaper has been condensed by eliminating many things. The elimination includes local arts and music critics, food critics, restaurant critics, or other types of columns.  Instead, it is limited ONLY to political analysis at the national level and little or no local political analysis. And if it is political analysis, the fat pigs purchasing the newspapers often put bias according to one side of the political spectrum or another. 

Gannett, most recently, eliminated the TV matrix which provides local television programming. This is creepy and run by fat pigs who have little or no desire to meet the OVERALL needs of WE THE PEOPLE. In other words, if my interest is part of the non-shallow crowd and more intellectual part of society, we are being told to go to hell by the fat pigs at the top of so many corporations today. Even TV Guide does not contain some of the local programming. For instance, try to find WSKG’s Create TV in the lineup.

This is all designed to favor the lowest common denominator and the nerds of technology. 

Catering to the lowest common denominator is predominant today and it is crap.

According to merriam-webster.com, lowest common denominator (or least common denominator) is defined as such:

“something of small intellectual content designed to appeal to a lowbrow audience”

Examples (from merriam-webster.com):

Cinemas are currently offering a pretty easy program tailored to the lowest common denominator that simply gets the audience only used to event films. — Alex Ritman, The Hollywood Reporter, 11 Feb. 2022.

Managing to the lowest common denominator, changing compensation, more bureaucracy, and increasing pressure to cross-sell bank products are examples of how big firms are asserting their power over advisors and their businesses. — Mindy Diamond, Forbes, 25 Jan. 2022

When will we have a “village” to change this s**t whi8ch predominates society today? It needs to end. People need to learn to take responsibility for any actions which polarize and divide our society.

Perhaps if people were to apply the intent of Roe v. Wade (making false claims that it goes against the U.S. Constitution), rather than waste our times by fighting it with corrupt practices of Trump and McConnell and others who claim to be Christians, parents and others would take advantage and teach their children to be responsible for their actions. They could explore with their children all the options with cause and effect. Instead, prohibiting something and enforcing this with children does more to NOT teach their children very well. The same thing happened with the prohibition of alcohol about 100 years ago.

Same thing with sex when the English language has only ONE word for love. With the English language, the word, “love,” is applied to romance, sex, brotherly love,  love without strings attached, and other aspects of love. From the example of Greece, the cradle of democracy, comes, numerous different words representative of different aspects of love.  Those words were used in the Gospels (written in Greek) and all translated to English with ONE WORD only: “love.”

Sorry. I cannot help explaining details and going into so much. When the world was not shallow and catering to non-intellectual values, I had more happiness and did not need to write. I don’t use guns, I use the writing of words. Part of the non-intellectual and appeal to the lowest common denominator presents the teaching of violence and guns, whether in the media or in the home. Won’t the lowest common denominator be happy when the intellectual become the lowest common denominator. When these perverted shallow people predominate, they will have their wish. They are happy if they can spend time fighting Roe v. Wade, the teaching of the truth about racist history, and destroying the teaching of sexual identity. Time ends up being spent on such contentions and polarizations than on what we can all do for the overall human race. In this case, we end up with corruption from people like Trump and McConnell and the statement about “power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely” also becomes firm with evil people.

Stop the Wealthy Ones of America Who Think only the Little People Pay Taxes – PLUS MORE ISSUES

Dear Editors:

A documentary told us how a small wealthy nation did not have a regressive income tax. Instead, they use a value-added tax (VAT) and property taxes.  I was tarnished because I identified, incorrectly, the name of the nation and where it was located.  The point about of my writing was about how this nation did not HAVE as many “little people” as the USA does, so it prefers a VAT and property taxes.  In other words, this nation is unable to play around with tax deductions and tax credits because it would do them little good. So, this nation uses a VAT instead. Notice that the wealthy in the USA who don’t wish to pay ANY taxes because they have us “little people” in which they can shove taxes down our throats, while getting away with “murder” of not paying taxes at all, as they invest their money elsewhere, probably in this little nation with the VAT.

This needs to stop and a VAT here in the USA, replacing sales taxes AND income taxes, is an answer, because the tax is on anything the producer price index (PPI) addresses, not what the CONSUMER price index (CPI) and income of CONSUMERS (the “little people”) are forced to do, after the union busting of these wealthy people have increased the income gap between wealthy and the rest of us astronomically – more than 1000% increase for those controlling the corporations since the 1970s.  (See article in 23 April 2022 Business section of The [Scranton] Times-Tribune , “A widening wealth gap,” for more information about what I am saying).

as for criticism about having the wrong nation, it loses the impact about the point I am trying to make. Perhaps some might say I deserve it because I promote accuracy, truth, and lack of hatred in what the media puts out.  On the other side, I can say this.  With the destruction of librarian jobs in the media, as I viewed happening over the past 20 years or so, then the problem is not me, the librarian, but the lack of people checking for accuracy. Thus, I view a documentary and attempt to recall the name of the nation, and get immersed in the lack of librarians to check the facts about such a documentary.

For me, too, as a librarian, I find it more difficult to use a reference to video documentaries.  With newspapers and magazines, it is in print. Therefore, had I read this information in a print copy like a newspaper or magazine, I am able to go back and confirm what was printed. With this video documentary, I am not able to do this.  With technological advances, it is more difficult to do so with digital copies of newspapers, too. Google has become a lousy search engine which goes far from what information / library scientists at Syracuse University and Cornell University developed for natural language searching in the 1970s and 1980s.  Google is lousy and most search engines are lousy. Much easier to clip or copy a print copy of a periodical article. Go ahead. Shoot holes in what I say, based on a love of ME, ME, ME – and “it works for ME, ME, ME.” I have given examples with an overview, not just ME, ME, ME.  I have experience with digital searching and how lousy I have seen it become today, so it is not about only ME, ME, ME. But about Katzer and Salton of upstate New York and the development of such systems. 

The wealthy ones of America have embraced this digital shit, destroyed local control of media, destroyed the jobs of those who research accuracy, truth and lack of hatred. We end up with such wealthy folks going against the very things which developed this nation when my maternal 5th great-grandfather (and many other wealthy folks), during the time of the American Revolution, gave money to the Federal government when it had nothing, “…in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence [defense], promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity.”

Meanwhile, the wealthy of America, with the goons of union-busting, the destruction of the once-sensitive leadership of corporations (i.e., George F. Johnson and Thomas J. Watson) have denied living wages to the “little people” of the USA and work to preserve this by supporting social dissonance with wedge issues and purchasing of votes when there are those who are not gay, black, Latino, Jew. Therefore these folks are ME, ME, ME oriented and don’t wish to support human equality and human justice with “liberty for all.”  In other words, these “little people” say, “I’m not gay, black, Latino, Jew, so why should I care?” Wedge issue and wealthy money behind it, in the Republican “Nationalist” group.  (Nationalist = Nazi). 

The next time you read that some part of what I say, having nothing to do with my main point, has an inaccuracy, THINK, THINK, THINK… about the overall point of what I write. Don’t shoot holes when the main point is important to consider.  THINK… about the destruction of librarian and library research jobs. You certainly would not consider removing jobs of number crunchers and lawyers, would you? The Nazis of Germany were given a slap of sarcasm by the song, “Money Makes the World Go Around” – written by a gay man.  The wealthy pigs of America take the song seriously, along with the “Nationalist” Nazis of America. 

These wealthy fat pigs won’t do the elimination of a regressive income tax in which they play games with deductions and credits, for the salvation of SOME groups of people.  They won’t eliminate such taxes, plus sales taxes on the CPI which require profit margins to be cut into by hiring number crunchers and lawyers. It’s okay to eliminate jobs of librarians and educators, but not the number crunchers and stupid law people with their personal injury lawsuits and workman’s’ comp lawsuits.  They don’t want to use a VAT because they believe in the Nazi view about “money making the world go around.”  

The Canadians do not have such abysmal things as frivolous lawsuits and workman’s comp crap with the fakes who push them. They pay one-quarter of the cost of healthcare than Americans pay in this “private” system tailored to the wealthy and the career lawyers and wealthy business people who sit in and control Congress with PACs and lobbyists, including those of the military-industrial complex which Dwight D. Eisenhower warned us about this complex being bad.  Lawyers and number crunchers stand strong while the people just complain about government and we “little people” not only pay the taxes, but also pay four times as much as Canadians for healthcare, while Canadians have increased the average longevity of human beings in Canada.  Only a person in France can be the oldest person in the world, at the age of 118. But not in America.  GODDAMN the fat pigs of America who lead us into the future with “little people” and others being “dashed on the stones” and no one to do something about this situation. 

My point about this discussed nation, whether island nation or peninsula, is that when there are no “little folk” around for the wealthy fat pigs to amass huge amounts of money and then invest in offshore accounts (island nations), while doing NOTHING for the people of America.

Andrew Carnegie, a person who provided money from his wealth, for libraries and education, said that the success of a society is not due to individuals, but due to the society. Wealthy man, Bill Gates, said that people would save money by using a library to read books, not to purchase books for their own individual library.  Yet, the “Nationalist” Republicans reduce educators and librarians by way of elimination of local coverage of newspapers and then claiming “no one reads newspapers,” with a hidden agenda to increase the use of digital technology – for the sake of wealthy ME, ME, ME folks who don’t give one damn about WE THE PEOPLE.  These wealthy fat pigs dictate to those companies which support social progression by acknowledging sexual identity (i.e., sexual identity is more than just about gay folks, but teaching young kids, whether male or female, to be more confident about themselves than to submit to a lousy freaking male teacher in upstate New York who had sex with young girls). These wealthy fat pigs don’t like local media reporters who report the unethical and corrupt behavior at the local level. So, they push to eliminate this aspect of the news, claiming, “no one reads newspapers so do it by digital.”  I have numerous examples in Florida in which corrupt and unethical behaviors were once uncovered at the local level.  It took local reporters AND librarians to do it. These freaking lousy wealthy ones have destroyed us in this field, while supporting lawyers and number crunchers, as if they are deity because, as the Nazis said, “money makes the world go around.”  Not true and we have many examples in history in which money DOES NOT make the world go around, but if it did, it was done for the good of WE THE PEOPLE, not the fat goons of union busters and corrupt, immoral, unethical individuals in society.  Scot Andrew Carnegie, Scot 18th-Century theologian/economist/philosopher, Adam Smith, and many others are examples. And any inaccuracies in media could be stopped with references on PRINT copies. But if it is said in a video or on digital technology, who the hell can find such inaccuracies to consider what was said?   Simplicity comes with the PRINT copies.

Trump Reduced the Amount to be Deducted on Income Taxes for Charitable Contributions; Freak Trump

Life is not better due to Trump. The Republicans have a committee in the Senate which is not called Republican Senate Campaign Committee.  Rick the Prick Scott of Florida chairs it. All of this comes down to “nationalists” and has as its model, the Nazis of Germany. 

Trump reduced the deductions for charitable contributions. George W. Bush had said this was a good thing because it allowed the American people to determine the groups to give to for social good and thus reduce what the government needs to spend. Thus, when a group in Florida (and others) began to raise money, due to charitable contributions spurred on by tax deductions, to give to school lunch programs, the idea was to follow the ways of George W. Bush because school lunch programs were funded by the Federal government and “nationalists” like Rick the Prick and DePutin HATED such funding, let alone any funding for Obamacare. So what do these people endorse? Getting rid of the deduction.

So, locally, when asked to contribute while at the cash register of a retail outlet, I made the statement that it would be very pleasant if I could deduct such an amount on my income taxes, but that Trump had reduced that ability to do so and claimed life was so much better, as a result.  Not. 

How did the clerk reply? Did the clerk even consider what I said and take the point about how things could have been better by continuing as Bush put in place? No. Me, me, me, me, me, me. The response was about “well I cannot give anyway.”  I wish she could and we could reduce the 4 times as much as Canadians pay, for healthcare, so she could. But no. This person was involved in healthcare and was only thinking about the instant gratification ONLY for her. She could have cared less about the money CROS Ministries with Publix in Florida helped out Floridians. NOPE. Just about her GODDAMN SELF AND THAT SELF ONLY.  Individualism inspired by the LOVE of the automobile and other things in America which make people STINK TO HIGH HEAVEN in their thinking ONLY ABOUT ME, ME, ME, ME, ME, ME – and instant gratification. Never thinking how we can improve things for ALL of us and she might just benefit. GODDAMN such people.

Really. I wish to GODDAMN such people because they are selfish snotty brats, as exemplified by those with guns in QAnon, MAGA, and other groups. GODDAMN THE NATIONALISTS in America, including Rick the Prick and others. DAMNATION TO THEM ALL. 

Sick of the Lies from Opinions on Commercials – STOP THEM

The media be damned for allowing commercials on television which tell lies.  Harry Wilson is an asshole with his ads on television and I am going to say so. Damn the media on CBS Channel 12 in Binghamton for allowing such ads.

Harry Wilson has the opinion that “Hochul and the new bail law puts criminals back on the street.” That is HIS opinion that he uses to predict, but there is no evidence provided. Just saying so is a LIE.

Hitler said, “tell a lie enough time and it becomes the truth.” Stop the BS in the media, including television.

Wonder why channel 12 no longer accepts email? Damnation to them for doing this.

Americans are getting sick and tired of hearing this BS on television. Oh, that’s right! I can say this and its MY OPINION. But I cannot afford television ads to express this OPINION. And the newspapers and others have censored me from putting it in print. Damnation to those who are able to afford such lies on television and to those who CENSOR me.

Are Print Copies of Newspapers, CDs, and DVDs Antiquated or is this MADE Reality by the Fat Pigs who Control the Supply-side of the Market for their own Greed and Selfishness and embracing ideas of the “love of money.”

Frederick Douglass said, “If any demand of me why I speak, I plead as my apology the fact that abler and more eloquent men have failed to speak.”

Simon & Garfunkel’s 1960s song said, “…silence like a cancer grows.” “…abler and more eloquent” speakers are silent. Many of us choose to not “fail” to speak. We cannot do it alone.

One of the men who was living around the time Mr. Douglass was living was someone from my allied family of Cornells. My branch of the Cornell family chose Cornwell because they had moved to New Amsterdam and tried to make the name fit. We often say, “anglicized.” Is there a word for “dutch-ized?” Ezra Cornell, founder of Western Union and playing a role in establishing the university which carries his surname, was an abolitionist. He found a home in the Republican Party which was in its early days of being formed. Cornell also spoke out. But he had money. I don’t have money. So therefore, I am lacking in any divine rights to speak out? How much money did Mr. Douglass have, in comparison to Ezra Cornell? Hmmmm… Something to ponder.

I became a member of Toastmasters by achieving the level of Competent Toastmaster. In the process, I belonged to a Toastmasters club in Florida which also had engineers, lawyers, accountants, supervisors, and clerical workers at the corporation where I was employed.

In a Toastmasters meeting, we gave awards each meeting. One was for best speaker of the day. Another was for best Table Topics speaker (extemporaneous speech answering a question by the Table Topics leader of the day). Another award each meeting was the one for the best evaluator. There was always a portion of the meeting in which each speech was evaluated by an assigned evaluator and presented at the club meeting. I rarely got awards for my speeches or, especially, extemporaneous speaking. I have dozens of award ribbons for being the best evaluator. All the meeting awards were made by a vote by our peers who were present at the meeting.

Today, I use some of the same evaluation techniques, but not delivering in a speech. My approach is about giving a positive assessment first, but then go into constructive criticism for the purpose of teaching the speaker, and then concluding with and overall assessment.

Today, I feel as if I get chastised for my similar approach for the purposes of teaching and solving problems. It really dismays me that so many people today dig in their heels about what THEY are thinking and dislike a person who might be thinking outside the box and able to distinguish and differentiate. Seems as if too many people do not even consider what Thomas J. Watson, founder of IBM said about “THINK.”

Under such circumstances, can anyone blame me when I try to make the point in a similar manner to Bill Clinton’s advisor when he said during the campaign of 1992. I say, “it’s not the politics, stupid, but it’s about human justice.” Or. “It’s not the politics stupid, but it’s about the capitalist economics being controlled by the supply-side and negating any needs of the demand-side.” It’s not “the government which is the problem, stupid (as supply-side advocate Sleepy Ronnie in the Cabinet proclaimed), but it is the destruction of public campaign finance and replacement with PACs and lobbyists, which are the problem. Might appear to be the government, but one has to examine the “root of evil” which is caused by a love of money which precludes all human justice considerations and predominates our government and society too much today.

This love of money has destroyed newspapers and small businesses by moving everything to centrally controlled large corporations which do not care about the local level. The Economist Magazine recently indicated that this loss of newspapers at the local level has meant that people are not as knowledgeable about local politicians and are at odds on so many issues which are at the national level. In other words, these fat pigs of the news media have divided America.

There is more. Not only are Americans being trained by these fat pigs that print newspapers are antiquated, but also that if we don’t have streaming television, then local broadcasts are antiquated and we can do better with individual mobile phones. We also are taught by the fat pigs in the industry that if we don’t have streaming television with hundreds and hundreds of choices of channels, we are stuck with antiquated local broadcasting AND CDs / DVDs.

When we purchase software from Microsoft and get it installed on a computer or laptop, we have this “app” installed. There was a day when we purchased the “app” on a floppy disk (or series o floppy disks). Eventually, we ended up with CDs and DVDs for an “app” because it was larger and the entire “app” could be on one disk. Without the disks, the supply side has used this to their advantage by charging exorbitant prices. They also refuse to be held accountable for the problems of “streaming” and “cloud” services which are used for software “apps”, music, and videos. Today, the consumer pays for hundreds and hundreds of crap they don’t use, but are given access to it. Thus, for Spectrum and many of the streaming services, PLUS the Internet to provide these services, we pay more than $300 per month. Even with the high price of gasoline today, I spend about half of that amount of money each month. I spend about equal to $300 per month (+/-) for food. I pay less than these amounts for an auto loan. I pay more, per month, for a mortgage. I pay less than that, per month, for home insurance or auto insurance (per month; not true in Florida, but is true in upstate NY).

So, I ask this. Why is it so important to make all the noise about a recovery in which unemployment is down and the fat pigs have to pay more for labor (as if it is going to break their bank), and inflation is up. Those fat pigs LOVE a recession because they can layoff people and keep the money to themselves.

With this scenario, to me, it sounds like shit happens with these fat pigs, during a tim of inflation, but during a recession, shit happens for those on the labor side of economics, especially as the big fat pigs have destroyed local business, local newspapers, local broadcasting media (reduced power of the signal, due to cell phones being increased means those of us in rural areas with hills and shit happens to us, too; actually, I have heard from those in an urban area like Palm Beach County who live in high rises and the local broadcast signals are often too terrible to receive).

In addition, the distribution of “apps” has been a better means for the big fat pigs at the centrally controlled big businesses to come up with “streaming” type subscriptions and controlling them so much that I get my privacy ruined by Microsoft focusing on me and putting lousy popups into my work. Perhaps if they are doing this, it might explain the reasons why the “app” no longer works. It’s called sabotage for the purpose of making more money.

You know. the way that a former communist and KGB agent who loves to parade around shirtless on a horse, for photo opps, so as to show off the “macho” image and disgrace those who are not macho, especially gay men. In case one did not get the drift, I am describing the ways of Putin and other dictators. Must be Putin impresses the fat pigs of America.

When will America do something to acknowledge what is happening with the loss of local control and local news replaced by a concentration of national news, with the result being a larger polarization of the American people? Do something about this and stop the concentration on oligarchic (aristocratic fat pigs who dictate with a predominance on love of money. There are plenty of suggestions as to how America can be improved and brought back to the TRUE ideas about what has made America great with the backbone being local business, local politics, and local news sources which can keep those in charge held accountable.

😎🧐🧐🧐🤓🤓🤓👍👍👍🙏🙏🙏

Daily News: MAGA My Way

Make America great again.Not like big fat piggish ways of Donald Trump fascists with love of money 1st.MAGA my way.

THREE-PENNY OP-ED: Balance Between Fossil Fuels and Renewable Energy Fuels (Biomass, etc.)

NOTE: it is quite possible that WordPress blocks this article from being sent to my personal email in Google. Damn WordPress for doing this and not being willing to help me out in stopping it.

The June 5, 2021, op-ed by Thomas Friedman (New York Times; title of article: “Progress in getting fossils off fossil fuels” or under another title: “The ‘Mean Greens’ are Forcing Exxon to Clean up its Act”) was well-received by this author. Reading the first article title, I think I like it better than the one put on the article by editors of the New York Times (the second title). I believe it is because of a conversation which I had with a former upstate New York propane gas business man who moved to Florida and opened a seafood restaurant in the Tampa Bay area, when talking about the man’s friend and a vice-president at the company where I was working by the name of John Hancock. You see, Mr. Hancock headed the “fossil fuels” division of the electric utility where I was working. No surprise that this “fossil fuels” head was a friend of a former business man who sold a type of “fossil fuel” in the Southern Tier of New York, near Binghamton and Endicott, the former home of IBM. When I mentioned to this person from upstate New York that I was working with John Hancock at the electric utility, this guy from upstate New York laughed and said, “well you say hello to that old fossil fool friend of mine!” To which I did. Thus, with Friedman’s article titled, from newspaper editors in the Northern Tier of Pennsylvania, something regarding “fossil fuels” rather than the “”mean greens” indicated by editors at the New York Times, I chuckled over this.

My dad told how, in the 1940s, he would drive a huge truck full of hay produced on Grandpa Cornwell’s farm to a New York City barge and then have it shipped to Cuba on the barge and sold to Cuban horse farmers there.

(Side note: my Cuban colleague from Florida told me about how HER grandfather owned a horse farm in Cuba in the 1940s and spoke about getting shipments of hay from America, but she never knew some of it was from upstate New York! Small world, is it not?).

Back to the story about shipping hay. My dad reported that, on his return trip from New York City, he would stop in the hills near Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA, and pick up a load of coal and bring that load home and sell to customers in the Southern Tier, in the same area where the guy I mention about “fossil fuels” had a propane gas business (before moving to Florida). My dad, as he got older, went to work for that propane gas man and was working for him in 1948 when Grandpa Cornwell died at his home in Endwell, NY. After the gas man left the Southern Tier, about 1965, my father started his own propane gas business and appliance retail sales, which lasted about three decades after that. That business my dad had you can see today in the facility on Route 38 south of Newark Valley called Suburban Propane. Propane is great around here because the stupid residents of this town have voted against putting in natural gas, which some of us would like to have and perhaps could generate our own electricity independent of NYSEG. Voting against business opportunities here, whether the stupid Trump-like tea-totalers and Prohibition, dictating THEIR desires upon a population, removing the possibility of “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” There. I had to get that part into my op-ed. Nevertheless, coal and propane, together with hay produced in New York. Quite a combination.

Now, tied to all of this is what Friedman says about the “fossils” of Exxon-Mobil” and how my thoughts go to the Florida propane gas man, seafood restaurant man, grouper fishing fleet man, whom I knew in the 1980s and 1990s in Florida. Friedman reports that the fossils within the Exxon-Mobil organization are being challenged by new investors who are described as the “mean green” crowd because they also would like Exxon-Mobil to diversify for the future and expand into non-fossil fuels. If anyone follows my own writings, they would discover that I have said something similar to Friedman, but without a reference to Exxon-Mobil. I have said that we need a balance between the green technologies and fossil fuels. Rather than building pipelines which pollute the atmosphere, build stockpiles of fossil fuels for the future, in the way FDR prescribed building federal savings and loan organizations, war bonds, victory bonds, and promoted the March of Dimes to fight a polio pandemic, for long-term investment into the future. But alas, Republicans have destroyed the means of long-term investment, even long-term housing investments with the greedy selfish approach of flipping homes, Florida over-developing new homes for the benefit of developers and banks, not the common folk, and an increase of common folk in Florida being left homeless because they cannot afford the homes of plantation-owning-mentality real estate people in Florida. Slum lords purchasing recycled homes and selling at a higher price or renting at astronomical rates and claiming it is “free market capitalism,” which is BS for “me, myself, and I” capitalism of the supply-side fat cat order and no concern for the demand side. Then when the Democrats wish to push money to more people and to the common folk, Mitch McConnell and gang refuse to work out a compromise, but insist that it ONLY be the way they want it. How does one expect Democrats to take this? Lying down and up where the sign doesn’t shine? Saving for long-term interest, whether in fossil fuels, real estate, or other resources, rather than promoting bank-style, “me, myself, and I” mentality of selfishness and instant gratification really destroys this nation, with Mitch McConnell, who made his money by being a U.S. Senator and nothing else, leads the damn charge and thinks he is a Teddy Roosevelt on San Juan Hill, when he is nothing but a lazy dumb ass who made him money, not by EARNING it, but by stealing it from taxpayers and lobbyists. The dictator on Capitol Hill, telling Republicans how they should vote against anything the Democrats propose, not working out a compromise unless the Democrats do as the McConnell Trumpican dictators want to have done. It is refreshing to hear of a bit of balance and moderation, as reported about Exxon-Mobil by Thomas Friedman. Will this last? I hope so.

Tied to this, as well, is my war with Gannett and the newspaper industry about delivery of print copies of newspapers in little Newark Valley. My grandfather came to this town because he was a classmate to the propane-seafood giant of Florida and that man’s father. I am told they were classmates at Syracuse University, so my grandfather, who became a teacher, was enabled to get a job teaching here in this town. Two of his children, including my mother, worked for this propane gas king, son of the SU classmate to my grandfather. What does this have to do with anything? Because I heard it told that my grandfather, who grew up in Fabius, NY, near Syracuse, and read the Syracuse Newspapers’ Post-Standard, Herald-Tribune, and Sunday Herald-American, was able to have those Syracuse newspapers delivered to his home in Newark Valley, NY, which is situated halfway between Binghamton and Ithaca, where there are two newspapers which are owned by Gannett. (There was once a third newspaper in Binghamton, the Sun-Bulletin, which was owned by an independent local publisher, then bought out by Gannett).

Thus, as I say things about this, I suppose someone could also conclude I am a “fossil” about reading newspapers. I wish to point out that my position about reading print copies is not fossil, but a responsible way of approaching reading which is acceptable to many people who are not fossils, but are ignored by the dictatorship of Gannett and its USA Today Network, with no capitalist competition to provide an alternative. Yet, I fully believe that moderation, as what Friedman describes happening with Exxon-Mobil, is fully possible in the newspaper industry. We need to rid the newspaper industry of those who grasp technology and force in a dictatorial way, their notions upon everyone and never acknowledging the words of us “fossils.” In this case, reading a print copy and re-implementing the details of the newspaper, as it once existed before people began dropping newspapers when the newspapers were changed as the “old coots” retired due to a Recession that did not beat around the bush and these young bastards grasped at a means of “change for the sake of change” so I can satisfy only, me, myself, and I, individualism, and these fat pigs and fat cats don’t give a damn about others. They fabricate reasons for why this happens in the newspaper industry and never wish to help the “fossils” out.

Kudos to Friedman, too, for revealing the progress being made at Exxon-Mobil. We can only hope it continues. We will try to continue to find Mr. Friedman’s column again and again. By the way. To those in America who are so stupid and having a lack of desire to learn in a lifelong learning environment, the Friedman op-ed was a very lengthy one with plenty of details to help us learn about what is happening, rather than relying on a quick video snippet which does not reveal the full details. Like a Sixty Minutes on CBS which is NOT a video snippet, but an in-depth report on what is happening, without all the BS of political analysis and bloviating political idiocy. Funny thing. Every time I speak with people about this topic of bloviating political analysis on cable television today, they tell me the same thing I am thinking. WE DESPISE THAT AND WE ARE THE PEOPLE TRYING TO TELL THE FAT CATS THAT IS NOT WHAT WE WANT. Do the freaking fat cats and pigs listen? NAH. They refuse to listen. And why is this junk like Fox News and others, so successful? Because the bastards of that network get paid much money and the viewers have no choice or “on demand” service for Fox, CNN, or MSNBC, or CSNBC, and others. They make money from ME when I never watch the damn crap, but I pay for delivery of a newspaper each morning and get nothing but crappy service and no one to fix the service.

And Sixty Minutes? I pay for Binghamton’s channel 12 which delivers the program through Spectrum, but I COULD receive it as a free broadcast, but that is rough to do. It is rough, due to the stupid commissioners of the FCC who side with big corporate fat cats in helping them rake in enough money so that freaking Sean Hannity has enough money to purchase the hate monger’s mansion in Palm Beach – the late Rush Limbaugh. I have done better things to deserve an award than Rush Limbaugh and it was not due to bloviating hatred, either, but having a love for all human beings and never concerned about the color of the skin.

Sure, I am contentious against the lack of balance, moderation, regulated capitalism and balance, and the checks and balances designed into our system of democracy. My contention and hatred is with the evil spirit and the one who runs the evil spirit, or devil or Satan, with his demons like Trump and other Trumpicans.

Interesting, the drawing of “Lady Liberty” in a New York Times book review of a book titled, Noise. Rather than holding a scale to balance out justice, the image is a sarcastic reminder of the legal profession today with its ill desires of love of money when “Lady Liberty” holds two dice (you can view this image by accessing the link to the book review). Believe me, there was a day when FCC commissioners and others did make some reasonable decisions not tailored to big business and we did not have to rely on love of money to decide our justice. My contempt of this system says one thing: peace does not exist without TRUE justice for all of us. That is possible, so when are we going to collectively get to work, write to our leaders and those in business and express what we wish to see happen. I hear it in the voices of people who say they don’t like to pay for entire menus of cable television offerings or who don’t want to pay for electronic editions. What is holding people back from speaking out? Fear of Republican and fat cat retribution?

Perhaps I am saving the best for last when I offer a final remark about Friedman’s op-ed about fossil fuels. There is the point about moderation, but also about weaning America of the oil controllers in Saudi Arabia, a nation which sent people of its monarchy to New York City on 9/11/2001 and which has a monarchy which inspires the Taliban and others to behead their own citizens. Unacceptable; and don’t give me the BS designed to shoot holes in these facts with fabricated BS about Biden and his son. The truth gets buried under fabrication of theories. Fantasies and conspiracies and the truth gets buried. And a people in the USA who have no brains and are able to differentiate between fabrication and truth because, as the Nazis say, “we can tell a lie over and over again and it becomes the truth.” There is no lie about the fact that Saudi monarchists were responsible for 9/11, yet we went after a foe of the Saudis while the Taliban and friends of the Saudis went free in another form of obstructing justice. Peace without justice cannot happen. It was Obama and his administration which brought down Osama Bin Laden and don’t you ever forget that as fabrications are tossed out there and you are expected to believe such fabrications and are unable to discern the truth.

Friedman’s point is about weaning America of the Middle East dictatorial control of oil and to do that, we need to encourage the “fossils” and the “mean greens,” together, or it won’t happen. We also need to designate oil from the ground as a reserved saving account for the days when oil is less available. I add this. That the “fossils” and the “technologists” of the newspaper and media markets need to work together, too, and right now, Gannett is like a centralized newspaper from communist Soviet Union called Pravda, not a pertinent American newspaper with an interest in local news, which was the content which got Gannett off the ground, originally.

Competitive capitalist forces between the “mean green” and the “fossils,” as well as the media “technologists” and the “fossils” can help us to bring down the prices and provide better service because that is what has been proven is the important part of capitalist competition. The goal in newspapers should not be the lousy one with blinders on and a total direction to embrace technology only.

To control the prices, government wage and price controls, pushed by liberals in the past, are not the answer. The answer is regulated capitalist competition and moderation in implementation, as Friedman points out in the energy industry and Exxon-Mobil.

And one note about the faculty of Florida where I found my career. Because the faculty salaries in Florida suck so badly, why did I have a concern about losing some of the state’s best educators to other areas of the nation? There were several I have known who departed Florida and did so at younger ages, before becoming entrenched with a fear of age always being considered last as it loses out to youth. It is called capitalist competition with an ability for, in this case, faculty to find better pay elsewhere. No one could consider the me, myself, and I instantaneous heads of the organizations about this, as we attempted to negotiate with them. They only saw their own salaries and contempt for removing the cap on FICA deductions to a more fair one for all (justice for all) as being better than making education better by keeping good educators rather than considering better salaries in order to keep the better ones. And those better educators went to states where they, too, could gain tenure, which the high-paid heads of the organization disdained, for some reason, and never would negotiate something feasible and better for all. In this respect, there is one big problem here. Capitalist competition would be better if the doors around the world were more open, as we talk about the globalization of business, but never consider the globalization of education and other items within our cultures. For me, I was fully recognized in the international community, but denied access to it by America and Florida. We don’t have open doors with Canada and other nations, regarding faculty (and other careers), so it makes it nearly impossible for open capitalist competition on a world-wide basis. When I get treated like crap by lousy Republican administrators, especially if I am part of a union, I lose my ability to capitalist competitiveness where I am accepted in a large audience.

Energy. Newspapers and the media. Education. Information industry. All “industries” with a common thread, but also differences in how they should be handled. Friedman’s article points to energy. I have brought up the fringe elements in the other areas where there is a common thread.

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